Difference between Multimodal and Intermodal Shipping

First, let’s start off with a few definitions: Multimodal: Multimodal transport (also known as combined transport) is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means of transport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport (by rail, sea and road, for example). The carrier does not have to possess all the means of transport, and in practice usually does not; the carriage is often performed by sub-carriers (referred to in legal language as "actual carriers"). The carrier responsible for the entire carriage is referred to as a multimodal trans
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Difference between Freight Forwarder and NVOCC

This post describes the main differences between an international freight forwarder and an NVOCC according to the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) of the United States. Most of the information in this post is taken from the FMC's own website. Ocean Transportation Intermediaries (OTIs) are either Ocean Freight Forwarders or Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carriers and are regulated by the FMC pursuant to the Shipping Act of 1984. An Ocean Freight Forwarder (OFF) is an individual or compa
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How to Ship and Import Cocoa Beans to the USA

Shipping and Importing Cocoa Beans to the USA must follow strict processes and US regulations in order to protect the quality and integrity of the cocoa beans. We have  listed The Cocoa Merchants' Association of America, Inc that can also be found on this link. Other organizations you may want to contact is Fair Trade USA if your beans qualify, as well as the Internatio
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VGM Declaration – Verified Gross Mass – SOLAS

Misdeclaration of cargo weight is a major hazard which often results in cargo claims, structural damages to vessels and also poses a significant risk to the lives of staff. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has amended the SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea) convention under regulation 2 of chapter VI which mandates the declaration of the Verified Gross Mass (VGM) of a packed container before loading on board vessels within a prescribed cut-off date / time to the shipping line and / or port terminal authorities.   Effective July 1, 2016, SOLAS regulations for weighing con
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Exporting Opportunities from the U.S. to Mauritania

Mauritania map Mauritania (known officially as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania), a country located in the Western part of North Africa, is a considered a Least Developed Country (LDC) yet that hasn’t stopped it’s economy from having an annual growth rate of 5% over the past few years.   The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 3.5 million people. The main seaport
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Shipping and Exporting Used Clothing and Used Shoes from the U.S.

The export of used clothing and used shoes (second hand) is big business from the U.S. to various countries in the world. The main export regions for used clothing include Sub Saharan Africa, Asia Eastern Europe and Latin America. used bales of clothing   Most shipments of used clothing and shoes are loaded in 40’HC (high cube) containers. The shipper’s tend to load 44,000 - 60,000 lbs / 19,958 - 27,215kgs / 20 -
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DDP Shipments – Ultimate Consignee and Importer of Record

DDP Shipments into the United States are defined as shipments where the foreign shipper (most of the time also known as the Seller of the goods) is paying for all charges including freight, duties, taxes, customs clearance charges up to the buyer’s door, warehouse or fulfillment center.   If the shipper (seller) overseas is selling on DDP terms, there are rules that must be followed in order to prevent any delays or customs holds.   There are two parties in a DDP shipment that must be clarified before the cargo is shipped into the United States: Importer of Record and Ultimate Consignee   Importer of Record In a DDP shipment, the Import
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How to Calculate Chargeable Weight for Air Freight Shipments

The Chargeable Weight of Air Freight shipments are calculated as the Actual Weight (Gross Weight) or the Volumetric (also called Volume or Dimensional) Weight of the shipment, whichever is the greater. This uses an estimated weight that is calculated based on the dimensions (length, width and height) of a package (shipments are always shown in the order of L x W x H). Typically, large items with a light overall weight take up more space on an aircraft than a small, heavy item. That’s why the Airlines charge according to Chargeable Weight.   Chargeable weight is commonly used by air freight forwarders, domestic motor carriers and brokers to calculate their air freight and/or domestic truck
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Freight Forwarder for India-USA Shipments – Logistics Services for India-US Imports and Exports

Learn about logistics between the USA and India

india-to-usa-shippingAEL offers full service freight forwarding, custom house brokerage, warehousing, distribution  and  international trade consulting  for importing from India to the USA and exporting from the USA to India. We provide our India clients with a complete range of logistics services: Ocean/Sea Freight (FCL, LCL, RORO, Breakbulk), Air F
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Basics of Exporting and Logistics – How to Export Goods Overseas

Basics of Exporting and Logistics - How to Export Goods Overseas

Whether you are new or experienced in exporting, there are seems to always be areas of exporting that may confuse or not be completely clear to the Exporter. For new-to-export Exporters, it could be the Incoterms between seller and buyer, what mode of shipment is best, or documentation/legal issues. For experienced Exporters, it could be a lack of understanding on how to label their cargo to meet a requirement in a country they haven’t shipped to yet, what the optimal routing is to meet their buyer’s requirements, or the best airport/seaport to ship to in order to reduce costs and tran
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